Appendix 1: The Evolution of Music in Particular(*9)
Link to: "evolutionary sequences of successively higher-order circumstances"
(A Biolinguistic Agenda)
On Scientific Integrity in These Essays
The scientific integrity of material in these essays is of axiomatic importance to their development and understanding. Intended to offset any reader's doubt in this respect, developed here is the biology underlying one of the more important concepts -the idea of relationals; following that are excerpts from various essays in which the roles and importance of relationals are discussed in one way or another.
[The idea of relationals is fundamental to the idea of life-form evolutionary process in that whatever may have been the primitive chemistry or association of molecules of (a) any first ('pseudo'?) life-form 'replicating'
-any first process evidencing reproductive susceptibility, and (b) any first true and definition-yielding evolutionary process- such process cannot have taken place unless there were some registrable difference between the environments of that
cis-organism and its evolutionary trans-second -chemistry, temperature, gravity, pressure, light et cetera.
Or, putting it another way, 'purely simple physical process is state-table deterministic regardless of its seeming evolution' whereas life-form evolutionary process is intrinsically identifiable and defined by the relationals attaching it
-epigenetics therein. -See re: A Biolinguistic Agenda for 'the evolution of relationals' in this respect.]
[Axiomatic here is that it is (a) genetic capacity for change (or subjectivity to such change) and (b) 'evolutionally positive response' to successively more complex environment that toggles further life-form evolution and successive
environment/response -however diffusely manifest.
It follows then that there would be successively evolving coalescences(*a) of (c) cells registering 'successively higher-order relational properties of the environment' and (b) successively higher-order hierarchies and complexes
of cells issuing successively higher-order responses -ergo an eventual ganglion, 'brain' et cetera.]
There are, second, then -evolved off 'amphibians' (evolved off chordates et cetera), those eventually/now 'warm-blooded vertebrates' in which 'the brain and its operational order of environment-and-response' (relationship) has so
evolved that interposed between registration and reaction was something of a more or less limited capability for (a) 'learning something about what registered' to 'some however primitive level of abstraction' and (b) 'cerebrating
response into something of an operation'.
[It is 'the nature of evolutionary process' that organisms continuously and successively evolve (or 'devolve') into it whatever the nature and limits of their configuration space -'a machine that goes by itself' to whatever extent supported by its
genetics. There is for every organism, therefore -if it survives at all, an evolution of/in successive tri-stages -diasporation, saturation and dynamic stability(*3), at/in any one of which the process may terminate.
'Dynamic stability', in other words, is a matter of where one stands in time with respect to the evolving configuration-space whole -which therefore includes all organisms too. -'The limited cerebrative capabilities of warm-blooded non-primate
vertebrates' then, is only a reflection of their 'thus-far evolution into thus-far dynamic stability': it is not inconceivable, for example, that the chimpanzee might, under evolutionary process, have genetic capability for evolving into 'some one other
or new hominid'.]
There are, lastly then -evolved off 'some one or more eventual proanthropoids', those 'prohominids' in which some limited capability of cerebration 'notched up enough to abstract some basic relational of relationals'
-'a machine that goes by itself' therein -deliberative capability' -the evolution, eventually, of a mankind capable of successively higher-orders of abstraction investing the nature-whole of 'himself and his configuration space'.
[The relative difficulty of all cogitation depends upon the amount of developmental learning that had to go on to make it possible -what we might refer to as the depth of 'relationals' that went into that learning and go into that cogitation. That depth
is generally manifest in the cortex and in the corrugation of the cortex in particular. 'Old memories', in this respect, have a huge amount of relationals attached to them as a function of time -supporting, in other words, exactly such observations and
studies as in the article here.
(-comment posted on Thursday, January 29, 2009, NPR Morning Edition's Your Health - Brain Study Indicates Why Some Memories Persist -by Jon Hamilton)]
Relationals, in a word, have an at least cerebrating brain in interaction -or they do not exist as 'relationals' to the organism at all.
1 - Relationals and Pecking Order
The idea of pecking order is a high-order concept which we (humans) generally associate with warm-blooded vertebrates, and sexual reproduction in particular. It is, in that sense, a property come into existence as part of warm-blooded animal evolution out of cold-blooded forerunners -of more or less limitedly mechanical or 'taxonomic' capabilities of interaction with their resource/environment. The bottom line here then is no more than that the relationals-processing intrinsic of 'pecking-order-based expression' is a coevolute of 'warm-bloodedness' and already existing and internalized sexual reproduction.
2 - Relationals and Hominid Evolution
The peculiarity of 'relationals registration' as compared with other possible 'evolutionary toggles into hominidism' is its fundamentality -however primitive, as 'a machine that goes by itself', thus it is 'capability of cerebrating relationals' in particular, which effectively makes various other evolutionary toggles possible and even viable. We might consider, for example, the related fundamentality of vocalization (amphibians forward) from out of which then, any tiniest leap into 'cerebration of relationals' might squeeze a tiniest vocal elicitation of tiniest 'relational observation/discovery'; surely then, it is easily the proliferation of such 'information cerebrated and communicated' that might account for all other prosimian-to-mankind genetic changes -'a machine that goes by itself'(*4).
[There is, in fact, a certain hierarchy of evolutionally successive relationals related to several high-order human properties that are not all 'uniquely human' either -'empathy' in elephants, for example, and 'sharing' in bonobos, that neuroscientists
would like to know more about.
'Relationals' does not explain that neurology in this respect, but it does go a long way (in evolutionary process) to suggest something akin to 'genetics facilitating successively higher-order connectivity' for successively higher-order
Thus -roughly- 'like me'ness 'precedes' sexual congregationality precedes 'togetherness' precedes 'mere cerebration' precedes cooperation (e.g. hunting operations) precedes(?) 'mirroring' precedes empathy precedes 'awareness of self'
precedes deliberative capability. -But/and to one degree or another then, the further such 'higher evolution of every life-form and its manifested relationals' is more or less constrained or channeled by limitations of its as-evolved physicality
and the evolutionary properties of its various environments.]
3 - Relationals and Human Intellectual Interaction
The rigorous structure of mathematics and science aside (below), the compounding and successive hierarchization of relationals -successively higher dimensionality therein, leads, eventually, into 'the phenomenology of the arts and of belief systems in general'. In that this process necessarily entails the registration and assimilation of 'phenomenological complexes', it is impossible to register cogitatable details except as 'situationally textural elements'. Musical notes, words and paint on a page are de-facto phenomenological in the most scientifically rigorous sense possible. How 'artistic or other meaning therein inhabits the intellect', on the other hand, depends upon communication (below) -and therein, the profoundly variable problem of conveying 'situationally textural' generalities absent unambiguous definition. -Ergo, 'History repeats itself' and other religious, political and other 'truths' and differences in beliefs, opinions, philosophy et cetera (see 'statistical probity').
[On the matter of how and why speech exists at all(*9), consider only that communication is meaningless without communicants; anyone born and somehow raised without such communicants therefore, would at most have done no more than perhaps generate certain discrete patterns of vocalization for various primitively experienced, perhaps discrete phenomena -no language, not to mention no 'ambiguities of meaning between people' either -see The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser.]
'Warm-blooded' vertebrates on the other hand, display in addition something of a 'cerebration in relationals' distinguishing (eg) prey running 'catchably slower' than others, 'contemplating' what distance is 'leapable' and what male 'peckable',
and 'maneuvering for what female mountable', effectively manifesting the pecking-order that is the basis, even to a certain 'psychological influence' (intimidation, 'display', 'appeal', fear etc), of basic, classical persona... For
hominids, further still but in particular, it is thru reification that the persona of human-being -and his 'god' and 'creativity', eventually became manifest (below).This construction then, is based upon the general observation that of two
mechanisms commonly associated with evolution -natural-selection and (closely related) pecking-order, it is the latter, synonymous cerebration in relationals, that signals warm-blooded viability and procreation in general -eventually human
deliberative capability and reification in 'creativity, god and other disquieting primitively-unanswerable's'. The following four theses [three, here] summarize that purely physical evolution as it might have developed in hypothetical
1 - A pre-persona (underlying pecking-order) first-surfaces as a relatively mechanical, 'cold-blooded' or taxonomic personality developing -genome-directed-and-limited, out of 'response-to-stimulus-assimilation and primitive cerebration of primitive relationals'. This corresponds, roughly, to the mechanics of natural selection in which mutation and econiche dynamics are primary operatives, of 'knowledge' generally limited to a 'learning' of basic response more or less mechanically affecting viability and procreation.
2 - A true, 'classical' and basic persona -'warm-blooded', but non-reificational, surfaces with 'the assimilation of relationals into a genome-based-and-limited -but cerebratable, natural-selection,
knowledge-and-pecking-order', a major, relatively non-mechanical operative in viability and procreation.
3 - Reificational persona reflects, in addition, a capacity for deliberating relationships among relationals, capacity for 'creating operational mechanisms abstractly relating pecking-order and other affects and thereby
deliberatively influencing and promoting intrinsically hominid viability and procreation'...
Assuming properly continuing nutritional and other metabolic requirements, vertebrate development from the fertilized cell (there are others) typically begins with the first mitotic replication that toggles the differentiating multiplication of all other cells: any one cell becoming two precipitates a relational condition -either with respect to the resource/environment or due to 'imperfect' replication and transposed DNA, that toggles into another likewise registered state: in general, it takes no more than the re-existence of some specific condition and properly continuing conditions to re-precipitate the hierarchies of cell multiplication, orientation and differentiation that constitute species life-form.
[There are two 'major' stages in vertebrate ontogeny: embryonic -of relatively short duration and rapid morphological and functional development 'assuring' genetic integrity, and free-form -of relatively little morphological change but significantly greater duration and 'high-order function and capability assuring procreation'... Embryonic or free-form, it is genome specifics and the resource/environment-and-econiche envelopes in which it develops that determine physical and cerebrative constitution -taxonomic personality, classical and reificational persona. Thus some particular 'greater econiche' may be more or less equally critical to both lizards and gorillas thru certain initial stages of development, but increasingly with maturation into reproduction and beyond, the operating space of the lizard (re its physical constitution and cerebration) is of a phenomenology primarily physical whereas the gorilla's is both that and significantly 'higher-order' by virtue of cerebratable pecking-order (relationals) 'enlarging' taxonomic personality.]
'Other' and human-being 'state-tables' differ only thru similarly specific consequences of genome specific-gene constitution, subtle functions and interrelationships of which it may be added, may never be known. -It is really no more than an exercise to parlay evolution of 'response to stimulus' beyond 'a sense of relationals' into a 'dimensionality of relationals' and the reificational persona that has, for the moment at least, out-paced our understanding of that evolution. The fundamental 'peculiarity' of hominid-being -the wellspring of his 'god, order-of-things and creativity', is the deliberative capability that 'forces' him, by virtue of being alive and 'investing his space', into reifying successively higher orders of phenomenology out of it. Artistic, mathematical or 'animal' and implicit a 'system of human experience', these conceptualizations are -all, constituted solely in, of and as phenomenology of the configuration space.
First posted: April 7, 2004; last modified: July 12, 2010
*b - Like/unlike-ness of an animal's self with another animal of a common or closely related species -warm-blooded in particular, extends the evolution of simple difference/sameness into such properties as cooperation and empathic expression.
chordate n. any of the phylum 'Chordata' of animals having at some stage of development a notochord, gill slits, and a dorsal tubular nerve cord: the phylum includes the vertebrates, tunicates, and lancelets
lamprey n., pl. -preys any of an order (Petromyzoniformes) of jawless fish with a funnel-shaped, sucking mouth surrounded by rasping teeth with which it bores into the flesh of other fishes to suck their blood
hagfish n., pl. (see FISH) -fish or -fishes any of an order (Myxiniformes) of small, eel-like marine jawless fishes, with a round, sucking mouth and horny teeth
*a - Representation of Geometric Borders in the Entorhinal Cortex
Science 19 December 2008:
Vol. 322. no. 5909, pp. 1865 - 1868
Trygve Solstad, Charlotte N. Boccara,* Emilio Kropff,* May-Britt Moser, Edvard I. Moser
*3 - There are three modes of organism viability manifest in any econiche: diasporative, that of a new organism effecting some 'essentially new' econiche stability; saturative, the organism overpopulating what the econiche can support of it and, consequently, receding into (3) stable, manifesting the 'dynamic stability' of classical, econiche biologies. (-from The Unemployability Conjecture - Economics Note 3, in which this is discussed further.)
*4 - It is the peculiarity of 'response to relationals' that it is so fundamentally 'internal' to continuing warm-blooded evolution that it is extremely unlikely that bipedalism or lowering of the larynx, for example, were primary factors in moving some one or other four-footed into pro-simian progression: 'it is the peculiarity of response to relationals' that it is also 'fundamentally internal' to all other factors.
-the Evolution of Music in Particular
Re: The Psychoacoustics of Harmony Perception
(by Norman Cook -firstname.lastname@example.org
and Takafumi Hayashi)
(July-August 2008 American Scientist Magazine)
The role of successively evolving registration and response to successively higher-order relationals in general evolutionary process cannot be identified as other than fundamental to all evolutionary process: consider the evolutionary
progression of 'registration and response' following next below -not necessarily in non-overlapping order: